Friday, September 20, 2013

Parts of Speech

Traditional grammar classifies words based on eight parts of speech: the verb, the noun, the pronoun, the adjective, the adverb, the preposition, the conjunction, and the interjection.

Click the Links on each part to get the commonly used words.

Part of speech
action or state
have, do, like, work, sing, can, must
thing or person
pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John
describes a noun
a/an, the,  some, good, big, red, well, interesting
describes a verb, adjective or adverb
quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really
replaces a noun
I, you, he, she, some
links a noun to another word
to, at, after, on, but
joins clauses or sentences or words
and, but, when
short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence
oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea, living creature, quality, or action.
Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival
A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or a state (being something).
Examples: walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It tells you something about the noun.
Examples: big, yellow, thin, amazing, beautiful, quick, important
An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. It tells you how something is done. It may also tell you when or where something happened.
Examples: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here, everywhere
A pronoun is used instead of a noun, to avoid repeating the noun.
Examples: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
A conjunction joins two words, phrases or sentences together.
Examples: but, so, and, because, or
A preposition usually comes before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence.
Examples: on, in, by, with, under, through, at
An interjection is an unusual kind of word, because it often stands alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise, and they are usually followed by exclamation marks.
Examples: Ouch!, Hello!, Hurray!, Oh no!, Ha!
An article is used to introduce a noun.
Examples: the, a, an