Monday, March 26, 2012

Bioinformatics at Glance

Bioinformatics is the application of computer science and information technology to the field of biology and medicine. Bioinformatics deals with algorithms, databases and information systems, web technologies, artificial intelligence and soft computing, information and computation theory, software engineering, data mining, image processing, modeling and simulation, signal processing, discrete mathematics, control and system theory, circuit theory, and statistics. Bioinformatics generates new knowledge of biology and medicine, and improving & discovering new models of computation (e.g., DNA computing, neural computing, evolutionary computing, immuno-computing, swarm-computing, cellular-computing).

Major research areas
Sequence analysis
Genome annotation
Computational evolutionary biology
Literature analysis
Analysis of gene expression
Analysis of regulation
Analysis of protein expression
Analysis of mutations in cancer
Comparative genomics
Modeling biological systems
High-throughput image analysis
Structural Bioinformatic Approaches